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Showing posts with the label National Policy

National Policy For Empowerment of Women

A National Policy for the Empowerment of Women was adopted in 2001. The goal of the policy is to bring about the advancement, development and empowerment of women. Specifically, the objectives of the policy include: Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realise their full potential. The de-jure and de-facto enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by women on equal basis with men in all spheres-political, economic, social, cultural and civil. Equal access to participation and decision-making of women in social, political and economic life of the nation. Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc. Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women. Changing societal attitudes and community pra

National Policy on Resettlement and Rehabilitation

A National Policy on Resettlement and Rehabilitation was notified in 2004. This policy laid down immediate provisions for resettlement and rehabilitation of affected families and the States, public sector undertakings or public bodies were free to offer better packages. The entire issue has subsequently been considered in pursuance of the Common Minimum Programme (CMP), which called for a ‘more effective’ system of resettlement and rehabilitation for tribal and other groups displaced by development projects. A new rehabilitation policy has, therefore, been formulated and notified in 2007. The salient features of the new policy are: Policy covers all cases of involuntary displacement. Social Impact Assessment (SIA) introduced for projects involving displacement of 400/200 or more families in plain/tribal, hilly, Scheduled Areas, etc. Tribal Development Plan in case of displacement of 200 + ST families; Consultations with Gram Sabhas or public hearings made compulsory; Principle of rehab

National Policy on Voluntary Organisation

 A National Policy on Voluntary Organisations (VOs) was announced in 2007. It aims to further strengthen, promote and develop such institutions. As per this policy, by ‘VOs’ are meant organisations engaged in public service, based on ethical, cultural, social, economic, political, religious, spiritual, philanthropic or scientific and technological considerations. VOs include formal as well as informal groups, such as: community-based organisations (CBOs), non-governmental development organisations (NGDOs), charitable organisations, support organisations, networks or federations of such organisations, as well as professional membership associations. To be covered under the policy, VOs should broadly have the following characteristics: They are private, i.e., separate from Government They do not return the profits generated to their owners or directors They are self-governing, i.e., not controlled by Government They are registered organisations or informal groups, with defined aims and o