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Showing posts with the label National Policy

National Bio-fuel Policy

The National Policy on Bio-fuels (2009) endeavours to facilitate and bring about optimal development and utilisation of indigenous biomass feedstocks for production of bio-fuels. The policy also envisages development of the next generation of more efficient bio-fuel conversion technologies based on new feedstocks. The policy sets out the vision, medium-term goals, strategy and approach to bio-fuel development, and proposes a framework of technological, financial and institutional interventions and enabling mechanisms. The policy aims at mainstreaming of bio-fuels and, therefore, envisions a central role for it in the energy and transportation sectors of the country in the coming decades. The policy will bring about accelerated development and promotion of the cultivation, production and use of bio-fuels to increasingly substitute petrol and diesel for transport and be used in stationary and other applications, while contributing to energy security, climate change mitigation, apart fro

National Environment Policy

The objectives of the National Environment Policy (2006) are mentioned below: To protect and conserve critical ecological systems and resources, and invaluable natural and man-made heritage, which are essential for life support, livelihoods, economic growth, and a broad conception of human well-being. To ensure equitable access to environmental resources and quality for all sections of society, and in particular, to ensure that poor communities, which are most dependent on environmental resources for their livelihoods, are assured secure access to these resources. To ensure judicious use of environmental resources to meet the needs and aspirations of the present and future generations. To integrate environmental concerns into policies, plans, programmes, and projects for economic and social development. To ensure efficient use of environmental resources in the sense of reduction in their use per unit of economic output, to minimise adverse environmental impacts. To apply the principles

National Water Policy

 The first National Water Policy was adopted in 1987. This policy was revised in 2002 and again in 2012. The new National Water Policy of 2012 was formulated to ensure sustainable and equitable development taking into consideration the likely impact due to climate change. The salient features of this policy are as follows: Safe water for drinking and sanitation should be considered as pre-emptive needs, followed by high priority allocation for other basic domestic needs (including needs of animals), achieving food security, supporting sustenance agriculture and minimum eco-system needs. Available water, after meeting the above needs, should be allocated in a manner to promote its conservation and efficient use. There is a need to evolve a National Water Framework Law as an umbrella statement of general principles governing the exercise of legislative and/or executive (or devolved) powers by the Centre, the States and the local governing bodies. There is a need for comprehensive legisla

National Tribal Policy

A draft National Tribal Policy was formulated in 2006. It covers all important issues that concern tribals. Its objectives are as follows: Preservation of traditional and customary systems and regime of rights and concessions enjoyed by different ST communities. Preventing alienation of land owned by STs and restoring possession of wrongfully alienated lands. Protection and vesting of rights of STs on forest lands and other forest rights. Providing a legislative frame for rehabilitation and resettlement in order to minimise displacement. Empowerment of tribal communities to promote self-governance and self-rule. Protection of political rights to ensure greater and active participation of tribals in political bodies at all levels. Reducing and removing the gap in the HDI of the tribal population and the general population. Ensuring access to health care services, safe drinking water and improved sanitation. Increase the participation of STs in sports and culture at local, district state

National Telecom Policy

The vision of the National Telecom Policy (2012) is to provide secure, reliable, affordable and high quality converged telecommunication services anytime, anywhere for an accelerated inclusive  socioeconomic development. The objectives/thrust areas of the policy are as follows: Increase rural tele-density from the current level of around 39 to 70 by the year 2017 and 100 by the year 2020. Provide affordable and reliable broadband-on-demand by the year 2015 and to achieve 175 million broadband connections by the year 2017 and 600 million by the year 2020 at minimum 2 Mbps download speed and making available higher speeds of at least 100 Mbps on demand. Enable citizens to participate in and contribute to e-governance in key sectors like health, education, skill development, employment, governance, banking, etc. to ensure equitable and inclusive growth. Provide high speed and high quality broadband access to all village panchayats through a combination of technologies by the year 2014 and

National Manufacturing Policy

In 2011, the government announced a National Manufacturing Policy to bring about a quantitative and qualitative change with the following six objectives: Increase manufacturing sector growth to 12-14% over the medium-term to make it the engine of growth for the economy. The 2 to 4% differential over the medium-term growth rate of the overall economy will enable manufacturing to contribute atleast 25% of the National GDP by 2022. Increase the rate of job creation in manufacturing to create 100 million additional jobs by 2022. Creation of appropriate skill sets among the rural migrant and urban poor to make growth inclusive. Increase domestic value addition and technological ‘depth’ in manufacturing. Enhance global competitiveness of Indian manufacturing through appropriate policy support. Ensure sustainability of growth, particularly with regards to the environment including energy efficiency, optimal utilisation of natural resources and restoration of damaged/ degraded ecosystems. Spec

National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy

The National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy (2007) seeks to promote various types of public private partnerships for realising the goal of “Affordable Housing For All” with special emphasis on the urban poor. The salient features of the policy are as follows: Role of housing and provision of basic services to the urban poor has been integrated into the objectives of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). Special emphasis has been laid on Scheduled Castes/Tribes/Backward Classes/Minorities, Empowerment of Women within the ambit of the urban poor. The policy focuses on a symbiotic development of rural and urban areas in line with the objectives of the 74th Constitution Amendment Act. Emphasis has been laid on urban planning, increased supply of land, use of spatial incentives like additional Floor Area Ratio (FAR), Transferable Development Rights, etc., increased flow of funds, healthy environment, effective solid waste management and use of renewal sources of en

National Agriculture Policy

The first ever National Agriculture Policy was announced in 2000. The policy seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalisation and globalisation. Over the next two decades, the policy aims to attain: A growth rate in excess of four per cent per annum in the agriculture sector. The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally nondegrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources – land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture. The use of bio-technologies will be promoted for evolving plants which consume less

National Policy on Information Technology

The vision of the National Policy on Information Technology (2012) is to strengthen and enhance India’s position as the Global IT hub and to use IT and cyber space as an engine for rapid, inclusive and substantial growth in the national economy. The policy seeks to achieve the twin goals of bringing the full power of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) within the reach of the whole of India and harnessing the capability and human resources of the whole of India to enable India to emerge as the Global Hub and Destination for IT and ITES (Information Technology Enabled Services) by 2020. The focus of the policy is therefore on deployment of ICT in all sectors of the economy and on providing IT solutions to the world. The objectives/thrust areas of the policy are as follows: To increase revenues of IT and ITES Industry from 100 Billion USD currently to 300 Billion USD by 2020 and expand exports from 69 Billion USD currently to 200 Billion USD by 2020. To gain significant globa

National Population Policy

A National Population Policy was adopted in 2000. It provides a framework for advancing goals and prioritising strategies during the next decade to meet the reproductive and child health needs of the people of India. It states that the objective of economic and social development is to improve the quality of lives people lead to enhance their well-being and to provide them with opportunities and choices to become productive assets in society. The objectives of the policy are mentioned below: The immediate objective is to address the un-met needs for contraception, health care infrastructure and health personnel and to provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care. The medium-term objective is to bring the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) to replacement levels by 2010, through a vigorous implementation of inter-sectoral operational strategies. The long-term objective is to achieve a stable population by 2045, at a level consistent with the requirements of su

National Policy on Child Labour

 A National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987. It contains the action plan for tackling the problem of child labour. It envisages: A legislative action plan for strict enforcement of Child Labour Act and other labour laws. Focusing and convergence of general development programmes for benefiting working children wherever possible. Project-based plan of action for launching of projects for the welfare of working children in areas of high concentration of child labour. In pursuance of the above policy, the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme was started in 1988 to rehabilitate the working children. The Scheme seeks to adopt a sequential approach with a focus on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations and processes in the first instance. Under the Scheme, after a survey of child labour engaged in hazardous occupations and processes has been conducted, children are to be withdrawn from these occupations and processes and then put into special schools

National Policy for Children

The first National Policy for Children was adopted in 1974. This policy was revised and replaced by a new policy in 2013. The new National Policy for Children (2013) reaffirms the government’s commitment to the realisation of the rights of all children in the country. It recognises every person below the age of eighteen years as a child and that childhood is an integral part of life with a value of its own, and a long term, sustainable, multi-sectoral, integrated and inclusive approach is necessary for the harmonious development and protection of children. The policy lays down twelve guiding principles that must be respected by national, state and local governments in their actions and initiatives affecting children. They are: Every child has universal, inalienable and indivisible human rights. The rights of children are interrelated and interdependent. Every child has the right to life, survival, development, education, protection and participation. Right to life, survival and develop

National Policy on Open Standards for E-Governace

The Government of India (GoI) has taken major initiatives to accelerate the development and implementation of e-Governance and to create right environments for introducing G2G, G2B, G2E and G2C services within the country. A National Policy on Open Standards for e-Governance was notified in November 2010. It provides a set of guidelines for the consistent, standardised and reliable implementation of e-Governance solutions. It has been designed to ensure seamless interoperability of various e-Governance solutions developed by multiple agencies. It also aims to improve the technology choices available and avoid vendor lock-in. The policy is applicable to all systems used for e-Governance. All standards used in any new e-Governance Systems (including all inter-department and intra-department systems) and Government to public (including businesses) systems must adhere to this policy. For legacy systems, it must be ensured that interface with other systems from the legacy system must adhere

National Policy for Farmers

The Government had constituted a National Commission on Farmers in 2004 under the chairmanship of Dr. M.S. Swaminathan. The Commission submitted its final report in 2006. Based on the recommendations made by the Commission, the “National Policy for Farmers, 2007” has been formulated and approved. The goals of the policy are: To improve economic viability of farming by substantially increasing the net income of farmers and to ensure that agricultural progress is measured by advances made in this income. To protect and improve land, water, bio-diversity and genetic resources essential for sustained increase in the productivity, profitability and stability of major farming systems by creating an economic stake in conservation. To develop support services including provision for seeds, irrigation, power, machinery and implements, fertilizers and credit at affordable prices in adequate quantity for farmers. To strengthen the bio-security of crops, farm animals, fish and forest trees for saf

National Policy for Persons with Disabilities

The National Policy for Persons with Disabilities was adopted in 2006. It recognises that persons with disabilities are a valuable human resource for the country and seeks to create an environment that provides them equal opportunities, protection of their rights and full participation in society. The policy emphasises upon the fact that a majority of persons with disabilities can lead a better quality of life if they have equal opportunities and effective access to rehabilitation measures. The salient features of the policy are: Physical rehabilitation, which includes early detection and intervention, counseling and medical interventions and provision of aids and appliances. Educational rehabilitation which includes vocational training. Economic rehabilitation, for a dignified life in society. It includes employment in the public as well as private sector and self-employment. Development of rehabilitation professionals. Creation of a barrier-free environment. Provision of social secur

National Urban Sanitation Policy

The vision of the National Urban Sanitation Policy (2008) is that “all Indian cities and towns become totally sanitized, healthy and liveable and ensure and sustain good public health and environmental outcome for all their citizens with a special focus on hygienic and affordable sanitation facilities for the urban poor and women.” In order to achieve the above goal, the policy suggests the undertaking of the following activities: Generating awareness about sanitation and its linkages with public and environmental health amongst communities and institutions. Promoting mechanisms to bring about and sustain behavioural changes aimed at adoption of healthy sanitation practices. Promoting access to households with safe sanitation facilities (including proper disposal arrangements). Promoting community-planned and managed toilets for groups of households who have constraints of space, tenure or economic constraints in gaining access to individual facilities. Adequate availability and 100% u

National Policy on Urban Street Vendors

 In 2009, the Government had comprehensively revised the National Policy on Urban Street Vendors (2004). The revised National Policy on Urban Street Vendors, 2009 aims at fostering a congenial environment for the urban street vendors to carry out their activities without harassment from any quarter. It also provides mechanism of regulation of such activities to avoid congestion on sidewalks and to ensure free flow of traffic on roads. The salient features of the policy are mentioned as follows: A Town Vending Committee (TVC) is to be constituted by the appropriate Government in all cities/towns. To prevent the extortion of street vendors, the collection of revenue through TVC introduced. TVC to be responsible for redressal of grievances and resolution of disputes arising amongst street vendors or between street vendors and third parties – as the first point of intervention. Demarcation of ‘Restriction- Free Vending Zones’, ‘Restricted Vending Zones’ and ‘No-Vending Zones’ to be made ci

National Policy for Older Persons

The National Policy for Older Persons (NPOP) was announced in 1999 to reaffirm the commitment to ensure the well-being of the older persons. The policy envisages State support to ensure financial and food security, health care, shelter and other needs of older persons, equitable share in development, protection against abuse and exploitation, and availability of services to improve the quality of their lives. The primary objectives of the policy are: To encourage individuals to make provision for their own as well as their spouse’s old age. To encourage families to take care of their older family members. To enable and support voluntary and non-governmental organisations to supplement the care provided by the family. To provide care and protection to the vulnerable elderly people. To provide adequate healthcare facility to the elderly. To promote research and training facilities to train geriatric care givers and organisers of services for the elderly. To create awareness regarding eld

National Health Research Policy

A draft National Health Research Policy was formulated in 2011. Its vision is to maximise the returns on investments in health research through creation of a health research system to prioritise, coordinate, facilitate conduct of effective and ethical health research and its translation into products, policies and programmes aimed at improving health especially of the vulnerable populations. The objectives of the policy are: To identify priorities for effective and ethical health research to enable the achievement of the objectives of National Health Policy (NHP) 2002, National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Bharat Nirman and National Food Security Act as well as global commitments such as Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and International Health Regulations (IHR), ensuring that the results of health research are translated into action. To foster inter-sectoral coordination in health research including all departments within the Government, Private Sector and the Academia to promote in

National Policy on Disaster Management

 A National Policy on Disaster Management (NPDM) was adopted in 2009. The objectives of the policy are as follows: Promoting a culture of prevention, preparedness and resilience at all levels through knowledge, innovation and education. Encouraging mitigation measures based on technology, traditional wisdom and environmental sustainability. Mainstreaming disaster management into the developmental planning process. Establishing institutional and techno-legal frameworks to create an enabling regulatory environment and a compliance regime. Ensuring efficient mechanism for identification, assessment and monitoring of disaster risks. Promoting a productive partnership with the media to create awareness and contributing towards capacity development. Ensuring efficient response and relief with a caring approach towards the needs of the vulnerable sections of the society. Undertaking reconstruction as an opportunity to build disaster resilient structures and habitat for ensuring safer living.