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Aircraft Industry in India

The first aircraft in India was set up at Bangalore in 1940 under the name of Hindustan Aircraft Ltd it was a private company and was taken over by the government in 1942. Later on, it was merged into Aeronautics India Limited in 1964 to form Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd. ( HAL ), Bangalore. Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd has 12 divisions with 19 production units across 7 locations in the country. The main divisions of HAL where various parts of aircraft are produced: Nasik division: In Nasik division MIG airframe is manufactured. Koraput division: In Koraput division the engine for MIG aircraft is manufactured. Hyderabad division: In Hyderabad division electronic equipment for MIG is manufactured. Kanpur division: In Kanpur division transport aircraft are manufactured. Lucknow division: In luck division equipments and accessories for the aircraft are manufactured. Bangalore division: In Bangalore division research and development activities are carried out. The aircra

Shipping Industry in India

The first ship building factory in India was established at Visakhapatnam in 1941. It was later, adopted by the Indian Government in 1952 and named as ' Hindustan Shipyard Limited '. The major ship building centers in India are located at Kolkata, Goa, Mumbai and Kochi. The Kochi, Dockyard was developed by collaboration with Japan. The Kochi Dockyard is the largest and the most recent dockyard of the country whereas the Mazagaon dockyard (Mumbai) builds the navel ships for Indian Navy. India is one of the main maritime nations of the world with 6.8 million Gross Registered Tonnage rating, with 17 th position in the world. The Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under Ministry of Shipping in India are: 1. Shipping Corporation of India, Mumbai This PSU was established on October 2, 1961. Website: www.shipindia.com 2. Hindustan Shipyard Ltd., Visakhapatnam The foundation stone of HSL was laid on June 22, 1941 by Dr. Rajendra Prasad. This PSU is engaged in shipbuildin

Jute Textile Industry in India

Jute is obtained from the Bark of the jute plant stem and it grows best in well drained sandy loam and requires warm and humid climate. It requires temperature more than 25° C and rainfall of more than 150 cm per annum. The fibre of jute is mainly cultivated in the Hugi river valley region because of the tropical and moist weather and the deltaic alluvial soil. This is also known as the " Golden Fibre of the Bengal '. In 1855, the first factory of Jute was established in India at Rishra neat Calcutta. But due to partition of India, as 80% of the jute growing areas went to Bangladesh, while all the mills remained in India. This problem was overcome to a large extent by extending the area under the jute and mesta production. In the recent past, there has been slight dispersal of the industry to Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh because of the increasing demand for gunny bags in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, due to rapid development of sugar and cement industry and because