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Showing posts with the label Indian Polity

Comparison between the Supreme Court and High Court

Supreme Court High Court The Supreme Court is the Federal Court. Its only seat is located in Delhi. Its bench can be established at other places also, but so far it has not been established. There is a provision for a High Court in each state and each Union Territory but two or more states or two or more union territories, together, may establish a common High Court. The judges of the supreme court are appointed by the President. The judges of the High Court are also appointed by President. A person shall have the following qualification to become eligible for the appointment as judge of the Supreme Court, if He has to be the judge of a High court for not less than five years in succession, or he has been an advocate of a High Court for not less than 10 years in succession, or He is a distinguished jurist in the opinion of the President. A person shall not b eligible to become a judge of a High Court unless such a person. has been a judicial officer for not less than

Landmarks in the Development of the Indian Constitution

 Regulating Act, 1773: It made a provision of Supreme Court at Fort William, Calcutta, comprising 0one Chief justice and three other judges. It prohibited the company's servanCompany from engaging in any private trade or accepting presents or bribes from the natives. Pitt's India Act, 1784: It made a provision of separation in the compaCompany'sercial and political activities. It created a new body called the Board of Control to manage the political affairs while the Court of Directors was allowed to manage the commercial affairs. The compaCompany'sitories in India were for the first time called British Possessions in India.' Charter Act, 1793: Salaries of the members of the board to be drawn from the Indian exchequer. Charter Act, 1813: The compaCompany'spoly over trade was abolished in India, but its monopoly over trade with China and trade-in tea was retained. The constitutional position of British territories in India was explicitly defined for the first tim

Gandhian Principles and Western Liberal principles

Gandhian Principles Articles 40, 43, 45, 46, 47 and 48 of Indian constitution are Gandhian principles. Article 40: Organisation of village panchayats Article 43: To promote cottage industries. Article 45: The state shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years. Article 46:  Promotion of education and economic interests of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other weaker sections. Article 47: to bring about the prohibition of intoxicating drinks and drugs that are injurious to health. Article 48: To Prohibit the slaughter of cows, calves and other milk and drought animals. Western Liberal Principles Articles 44, 45, 49, 50 and 51 of Indian constitution are Western Liberal Principles. Article 44: uniform civil code. Article 45: Education to children below 6 years of age. Article 49: To preserve historical monuments. Article 50: Separation of judiciary from executive. Article 51: promo