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The Commonwealth

The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as the Commonwealth and formerly as the British Commonwealth, is a voluntary association of 54 independent sovereign States, all of which are former possessions of the British Empire, except for Mozambique, Rwanda and the United Kingdom itself. Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of the Commonwealth, recognized by each State, Although the Queen heads the Commonwealth in a symbolic capacity, it is the Commonwealth Secretary-general who is the Chief Executive of the organization. The five largest Commonwealth nations by population are India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nigeria and the United Kingdom. Tuvalu is the least populous member of the Commonwealth. The three largest Commonwealth nations by area are Canada, Australia and India. The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) is a significant decision-making body that holds bi-annual meetings. Marlborough House, London houses the headquarters of the Commonwealth. There are 54 members of the Com

Sport Awards in India

Arjuna Awards: The Arjuna Awards were established instituted in 1961. To be eligible for the Award, a sportsperson should have had not only good performance consistently for the previous three years at the international level with excellence for the year for which the Award is recommended but also should have shown qualities of leadership, sportsmanship and sense of discipline. The Award consists of a statuette, a scroll of honor, ceremonial dress and a Cash Award of Rs. 5.00 lakh will be presented to the winners in a function to be held at a place and on a date to be decided by the Government of India. No Award will be made for a second time to the same person. From the year 2001, the award is given only in disciplines falling under the following categories: Olympic Games / Asian Games / Commonwealth Games / World Cup / World Championship Discipline and Cricket Indigenous Games Sports for the Physically Challenged. Major Dhyan Chand Khel Ratna Award: Major Dhyan

Bharat Nirman Programme

Bharat Nirman Programme  is a four-year business plan to develop rural infrastructure. The government of India launched a time-bound plan under Bharat Nirman in 2005 for implementation during four year period, 2005-2009. The six components included under this rural infrastructure program are Roads Telephone connections Irrigation Water supply Housing and Electrification. 1. Roads: In order to give a boost to rural connectivity, a rural roads programmer Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched in December 2000. As part of the program, GOI intends that by the end of the financial year 2008-09, every village of over 1000 population, over 500 in hilly and tribal areas has an all-weather road. To achieve the targets of Bharat Nirman, 1465, 185 km of road length is proposed to be constructed by 2009. This will benefit 66,802 unconnected eligible habitations in the country. 2. Telephone Connections: Under the Bharat Nirman Programme 66, 822 revenue villages to havi