- Bharat Nirman Programme is a four-year business plan to develop rural infrastructure.
- The government of India launched a time-bound plan under Bharat Nirman in 2005 for implementation during four year period, 2005-2009.
- The six components included under this rural infrastructure program are
- Telephone connections
- Water supply
- Housing and
- In order to give a boost to rural connectivity, a rural roads programmer Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched in December 2000.
- As part of the program, GOI intends that by the end of the financial year 2008-09, every village of over 1000 population, over 500 in hilly and tribal areas has an all-weather road.
- To achieve the targets of Bharat Nirman, 1465, 185 km of road length is proposed to be constructed by 2009.
- This will benefit 66,802 unconnected eligible habitations in the country.
2. Telephone Connections:
- Under the Bharat Nirman Programme 66, 822 revenue villages to having telephone connectivity are to be provided with Village Public Telephone (VPT) facility.
- out of these, 14183 remotely located villages are to be provided VPTs through digital satellite phone terminals, while the remaining 52,639 villages are to be provided any other technology.
- Under this program, the target of creation of additional irrigation potential of 1 crore hectare for 4 years is planned to be met largely through expeditious completion of identified ongoing major and medium irrigation projects.
- Irrigation potential of 42 lakh hectares is planned to be created by expeditiously completing such ongoing major and medium projects.
4. Water Supply:
- During Bharat Nirman Period, 55,067 uncovered and 3.31 lakh slipped-back habitations are to be covered with provisions of drinking water facilities.
- 2.17 lakh quality-affected habitations are to be addressed for quality problems.
- The housing component under the program is being implemented in [parallel with Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) scheme.
- IAY scheme was launched as an independent and major housing scheme on January 1, 1996, to provide assistance for construction degradation of dwelling units to the BPL rural households.
- Bharat Nirman Programme has set a target to construct 60 lakh houses at the rate of 15 lakh houses each year.
- The rural electrification targets are set to b achieved under Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY).
- RGGVY has been introduced by the Ministry of Power in April 2005.
- The twin objectives of electrification of 1,25,000 villages and electrifying the 2.3 crore BPL households are proposed to be achieved under the Bharat Nirman Programme.