Skip to main content

Organisational Structure

The term organizational structure reveals an established pattern of relationships among the constituent parts of the organization. It prescribes the relationships among various activities and various positions in an organization. It is nothing but a chart of relationships.

Organization structure refers to a system where the work is divided formally. These smaller tasks are gathered and synchronized in order to promote coordination in the organization. It refers to an outline group, individuals, operations systems and job putting efforts to attain stipulated goals. It is the arrangement of jobs that is formally defined. According to Mintzberg (1972), "organizational structure is the framework of relations on jobs, systems, operating process, people and groups making efforts to achieve the goals. Organizational structure is a set of methods dividing the tasks to determining duties and coordinates them."

According to Hold and Antony (1991), "Structure is not a coordination mechanism and it affects all organizational process. Organizational structure refers to the models of internal relations of organization, powe5r and relations and reporting, formal communication channels, responsibility and decision-making delegation is clarified."

Importance of Organisational Structure:

Organizational structure is a mechanism through which management directs, coordinates and controls the business.

  • Facilitates the management process and overall operations of the organization and provides better coordination.
  • Encourages growth by increasing efficiency and give clarity about roles and responsibilities.
  • Builds relationships across various managerial levels and encourages human beings to attain psychological satisfaction from their work, their position and their working environment.
  • Defines organizational relationships and stimulates creativity in the organization by initiating new and improved ways of work processes.

Features of Good Organisational Structure:

Continuity and Flexibility: Organisational structure should not be rigid and be able to accommodate future requirements also.

Ultimate Authority: The superior is responsible for the performance of his work along with the work of his subordinates.

Tesser Managerial Levels: The more management levels, the longer the delay in communication.

Link Between: The board of directors, shareholders and the management team should be there. This is because the board of directors seldom meets management, hence the organisational structure helps in defining how top-level management and BoD will interact.

Unity of Direction: The organization structure must focus that each subordinate and member focus on one common goal.

Common Goals: Organisational structure ensures the smooth achievement of goals.

Cooperative Efforts: The proper coordination and mutual cooperation among various subsystems in an organization.

Simplicity: Organisational relations should be kept simple and minimum possible with clearly defined roles, powers and responsibilities.

Division of Work: It ensures the execution of work.

Communication: It mainly downward communication takes place in the form of superiors issuing commands, orders, directives etc.

Clear Line of Authority: Running from top to bottom or sometimes in horizontal directions.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How to identify Calculator is Programmable or Non-Programmable Calculator ?

Some competitive examinations allow the use of a calculator but may permit to use of only a calculator of the non-programmable type. Calculators that are NOT programmable: This is what a non-programmable calculator looks like. List of non-programmable calculators of some famous brands like  Casio , Sharp , Texas Instruments , Hawlett Packard . Calculators that are programmable: Programmable calculators can automatically carry out a sequence of operations under the control of a stored program, much like a computer. Examples of the programmable calculator are at the top picture. These calculators runs on a Computer Algebra System (CAS). A CAS helps to make certain difficult algebraic functions automatic and less tedious. As you can see, these calculators also have graphing capabilities. A calculator with graphing capabilities is most likely to be programmable. The easy way to tell if the calculator has graphing capabilities is by looking at the larger screen than would

Flood and Drought Affected Areas in India

In India, the regional and seasonal distribution of rainfall is uneven. On the one hand, Jaislamer receives less than 9 cm of annual rainfall and on the other hand, Mawsynram, near Cherapunji, receives more than 1140 cm of annual rainfall. Similarly, most of the rainfall in India is received in the months of June, July, August and September. Generally, variations in the amount of rainfall are found more in the regions where the rainfall is uneven and less and these regions are more affected by droughts. Droughts Drought is an abnormally long dry season, which creates a clear imbalance in the availability of water. both, the vagaries of monsoon and dominant factor, which cause drought and drought like conditions. The irrigation commission, on the basis of the amount of rainfall and its variability, has divided the drought affected areas into two types: Drought Areas: Drought areas have annual rainfall less than 50 cm and variability is more than 25%. Under these areas are in

The Advent of European Companies in India

In 1453, land routes were blocked by Ottoman Turks. So, new sea routes discovered by the Europeans to promote their business. Colombus of Spain discovered America where as in 1498, Vasco-da-Gama of Portugal discovered India. He came to India via Cape of Good Hope (Africa). First of all, Vasco-da-Gama reached to Calicut (Kerla or Kozhicode) where Zamorin ruler welcomed his arrival. The Portugese soon established political power along the west coast of India. he was succeeded by Captain General Alfonso de Albuquerque who conquered Goa in 1510. Sequence of Arrivals:- Company Year H.Q./Capital Potugese East Indian company (Formed by Vasco-da-Gama) 1498 Cochin (1510-30), Goa (1530-1961) Dutch East India Company 1602 East coast; Coromandal, Pulicut, Bengal English East India Company 1608 West coast: Surat, Bombay east coast: Coromandal, Masulipatanam, Madras. French East India Company (Formed by Colbert) 1664 Surat (1668-73), Pondi