Skip to main content

Organisational Climate: Factors Affecting, Levels and Dimensions

Organisational climate is also referred as an environmental determinant of human behaviour. It is the atmosphere, feeling or sense experienced by employees on daily or general basis in their organisation. Culture gives rise to organisational climate.

Organisational climate comprises of overall impressions of the institutions that the members build with the processes, structures, policies and by interacting with each other. It refers to common views, members of an institution have about their institute and work atmosphere.

According to Schein, "A climate can be locally created by what leaders do, what circumstances apply and what environments afford. A culture can evolve only out of mutual experience and shared learning."

According to Moran, "Organisational climate is defined as the shared perceptions, feelings and attitudes that organisational members have about fundamental elements of the organisation, which reflects the established norms, values and attitudes of the organisation's culture and influences individuals behaviour positively or negatively."

Factors Affecting Organisational Climate:

There are six factors given by Stringer and Litwin

Organisational Culture: How individuals perceive organisations regulations, rules, constraints and red tapes.

Individual Responsibility: Whether the individual has a feeling of helpfulness and good fellowship in the work environment.

Support and Warmth: Whether the individual has a feeling of helpfulness and good fellowship in the work environment.

Risk and Risk Taking: What is the perception of the individual about the challenges and risks in his work situation.

Rewards: Whether the individual is confident about appropriate, fair and adequate rewards.

Conflict and Tolerance: This is the extent to which an employee is confident that the organisational climate will tolerate conflicting beliefs or opinions.

Levels of Organisational Climate:

Psychological Climate: It is an individual feature and comprises of individual's depiction of organisational policies and procedures.
Group Climate: It is a subsystem climate that defines how individuals perceive the atmosphere of a subsystem for a group within the organisation.
Organisational Climate: It is an organisational feature that represents the average view/perception of all individuals giving a collective description of the organisation.

Dimensions of Organisational Climate:

Dominant Orientation: If there are established rules then climate is controlling, if the aim is to achieve efficiency then it is characterised by accomplishment.
Conflict Management: If conflicts are handled efficiently then climate is cooperative, if they are not then the climate will be non-cooperative and distrust.
Individual Autonomy: If more freedom is given to employees then there is a lighter atmosphere as the burden shifts from superiors.
Control System in Organisation: If there is a  rigid control, there will be a bureaucratic/impersonal atmosphere if there is flexibility in control there will be a scope of self-regulation.
Organisational Structure: If there is decentralisation, then the environment will be of participative decision-making, while in centralisation it will be authoritative.
Relation Oriented and Task-Oriented: If bosses are relation oriented, then the climate will be supportive whereas if superiors and task-oriented then the employees may face punishment.


Popular posts from this blog

How to identify Calculator is Programmable or Non-Programmable Calculator ?

Some competitive examinations allow the use of a calculator but may permit to use of only a calculator of the non-programmable type. Calculators that are NOT programmable: This is what a non-programmable calculator looks like. List of non-programmable calculators of some famous brands like  Casio , Sharp , Texas Instruments , Hawlett Packard . Calculators that are programmable: Programmable calculators can automatically carry out a sequence of operations under the control of a stored program, much like a computer. Examples of the programmable calculator are at the top picture. These calculators runs on a Computer Algebra System (CAS). A CAS helps to make certain difficult algebraic functions automatic and less tedious. As you can see, these calculators also have graphing capabilities. A calculator with graphing capabilities is most likely to be programmable. The easy way to tell if the calculator has graphing capabilities is by looking at the larger screen than would

Flood and Drought Affected Areas in India

In India, the regional and seasonal distribution of rainfall is uneven. On the one hand, Jaislamer receives less than 9 cm of annual rainfall and on the other hand, Mawsynram, near Cherapunji, receives more than 1140 cm of annual rainfall. Similarly, most of the rainfall in India is received in the months of June, July, August and September. Generally, variations in the amount of rainfall are found more in the regions where the rainfall is uneven and less and these regions are more affected by droughts. Droughts Drought is an abnormally long dry season, which creates a clear imbalance in the availability of water. both, the vagaries of monsoon and dominant factor, which cause drought and drought like conditions. The irrigation commission, on the basis of the amount of rainfall and its variability, has divided the drought affected areas into two types: Drought Areas: Drought areas have annual rainfall less than 50 cm and variability is more than 25%. Under these areas are in

The Advent of European Companies in India

In 1453, land routes were blocked by Ottoman Turks. So, new sea routes discovered by the Europeans to promote their business. Colombus of Spain discovered America where as in 1498, Vasco-da-Gama of Portugal discovered India. He came to India via Cape of Good Hope (Africa). First of all, Vasco-da-Gama reached to Calicut (Kerla or Kozhicode) where Zamorin ruler welcomed his arrival. The Portugese soon established political power along the west coast of India. he was succeeded by Captain General Alfonso de Albuquerque who conquered Goa in 1510. Sequence of Arrivals:- Company Year H.Q./Capital Potugese East Indian company (Formed by Vasco-da-Gama) 1498 Cochin (1510-30), Goa (1530-1961) Dutch East India Company 1602 East coast; Coromandal, Pulicut, Bengal English East India Company 1608 West coast: Surat, Bombay east coast: Coromandal, Masulipatanam, Madras. French East India Company (Formed by Colbert) 1664 Surat (1668-73), Pondi