Organisational climate is also referred as an environmental determinant of human behaviour. It is the atmosphere, feeling or sense experienced by employees on daily or general basis in their organisation. Culture gives rise to organisational climate.
Organisational climate comprises of overall impressions of the institutions that the members build with the processes, structures, policies and by interacting with each other. It refers to common views, members of an institution have about their institute and work atmosphere.
According to Schein, "A climate can be locally created by what leaders do, what circumstances apply and what environments afford. A culture can evolve only out of mutual experience and shared learning."
According to Moran, "Organisational climate is defined as the shared perceptions, feelings and attitudes that organisational members have about fundamental elements of the organisation, which reflects the established norms, values and attitudes of the organisation's culture and influences individuals behaviour positively or negatively."
Factors Affecting Organisational Climate:
There are six factors given by Stringer and Litwin
Organisational Culture: How individuals perceive organisations regulations, rules, constraints and red tapes.
Individual Responsibility: Whether the individual has a feeling of helpfulness and good fellowship in the work environment.
Support and Warmth: Whether the individual has a feeling of helpfulness and good fellowship in the work environment.
Risk and Risk Taking: What is the perception of the individual about the challenges and risks in his work situation.
Rewards: Whether the individual is confident about appropriate, fair and adequate rewards.
Conflict and Tolerance: This is the extent to which an employee is confident that the organisational climate will tolerate conflicting beliefs or opinions.