Skip to main content

Ethical Dilemma

It is a paradox, problem or an issue that is confronted by an organisation, group or individual while making choice between conflicting claims, neither of which is clearly preferable or acceptable.

It is a moral situation where the individual has to choose between two situations that are morally undesirable.

As it is also a paradox, the choices to be made between two unethical situations is known as an ethical dilemma.

According to Harrison, "An ethical dilemma is a complex situation a person (business) faces in which a decision must be made about the adequate action to be taken".

According to PF Drucker, "Ethics deal with the right action of the individuals.

Causes of Ethical Dilemma:

Correction by management: The management may pressurise the group or the individual to act in a certain way. Often the companies are focused on generating profits and results. Hence, the individual may feel forced to act unethically.

Discrimination or  Ambition: The individual may become ambitious and follow the unethical path in order to receive recognition from the management. The individual may also be financially pressed to follow such unjust steps.

Negotiations: The worker may be pressurised to buy a good deal. Hence, he may lie or mislead the other party in order to seal the deal. He may try to bribe the negotiator in order to get the deal. Hence, such pressure may lead to unethical behaviour.

Unclear Policies: The policies of the organisation are silent about the conduct or behaviour expected from the employee while performing specific duties. The policies are inconsistent and vague with regard to moral conduct.

Unethical Culture: The organisation in itself practices unethical culture. Organisational culture is determined by the practice of the top-level managers, integrity of the HR managers etc. If the top-level managers are immoral, then the lower-level employee is no longer remains motivated, to be honest.

Money: Business organisations exist simply for making money. Hence, it is the driving force. However, due to the competitive environment, the organisation, the individuals or groups may follow unethical practices to earn money easily and through short-cut. This promotes ethical dilemma.

Levels of Ethical Dilemma:

They can arise at various levels

Individual: This occurs at the personal level due to religion, culture, attitudes and experiences. This is micro-level.

Organisational: this occurs at the company level because of the procedures and policies of the company. This is meso-level.

Societal: This is also called the environmental level, where the environment of the individual, his friends and family, along with country-specific factors affect the ethical decision taken by the individual.


Popular posts from this blog

How to identify Calculator is Programmable or Non-Programmable Calculator ?

Some competitive examinations allow the use of a calculator but may permit to use of only a calculator of the non-programmable type. Calculators that are NOT programmable: This is what a non-programmable calculator looks like. List of non-programmable calculators of some famous brands like  Casio , Sharp , Texas Instruments , Hawlett Packard . Calculators that are programmable: Programmable calculators can automatically carry out a sequence of operations under the control of a stored program, much like a computer. Examples of the programmable calculator are at the top picture. These calculators runs on a Computer Algebra System (CAS). A CAS helps to make certain difficult algebraic functions automatic and less tedious. As you can see, these calculators also have graphing capabilities. A calculator with graphing capabilities is most likely to be programmable. The easy way to tell if the calculator has graphing capabilities is by looking at the larger screen than would

Flood and Drought Affected Areas in India

In India, the regional and seasonal distribution of rainfall is uneven. On the one hand, Jaislamer receives less than 9 cm of annual rainfall and on the other hand, Mawsynram, near Cherapunji, receives more than 1140 cm of annual rainfall. Similarly, most of the rainfall in India is received in the months of June, July, August and September. Generally, variations in the amount of rainfall are found more in the regions where the rainfall is uneven and less and these regions are more affected by droughts. Droughts Drought is an abnormally long dry season, which creates a clear imbalance in the availability of water. both, the vagaries of monsoon and dominant factor, which cause drought and drought like conditions. The irrigation commission, on the basis of the amount of rainfall and its variability, has divided the drought affected areas into two types: Drought Areas: Drought areas have annual rainfall less than 50 cm and variability is more than 25%. Under these areas are in

The Advent of European Companies in India

In 1453, land routes were blocked by Ottoman Turks. So, new sea routes discovered by the Europeans to promote their business. Colombus of Spain discovered America where as in 1498, Vasco-da-Gama of Portugal discovered India. He came to India via Cape of Good Hope (Africa). First of all, Vasco-da-Gama reached to Calicut (Kerla or Kozhicode) where Zamorin ruler welcomed his arrival. The Portugese soon established political power along the west coast of India. he was succeeded by Captain General Alfonso de Albuquerque who conquered Goa in 1510. Sequence of Arrivals:- Company Year H.Q./Capital Potugese East Indian company (Formed by Vasco-da-Gama) 1498 Cochin (1510-30), Goa (1530-1961) Dutch East India Company 1602 East coast; Coromandal, Pulicut, Bengal English East India Company 1608 West coast: Surat, Bombay east coast: Coromandal, Masulipatanam, Madras. French East India Company (Formed by Colbert) 1664 Surat (1668-73), Pondi