Skip to main content

Indian Classical Dances - Bharatanatyam, Kathakali , Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Sattriya

Indian classical dance for various codified art forms rooted in sacred Hindu musical theatre styles.
Rig Veda refers to nritya (dances) and dancers. Natyashastra gave complete details about techniques and forms of dances.
Indian Classical Dances Recognised by Sangeet Natak Akademi are Bharatanatyam, Kathakali , Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Sattriya, Mohiniattam and Manipuri.

Bharatanatyam (Tamil Nadu):

  • Bharatanatyam is a classical dance originating from Tamil Nadu. Bharatanaatyam is thought to have been created by Bharata Muni (wrote Natyashastra).
  • In ancient times Bharatanatyam dance was performed as dasiattam by mandir (Hindu temple) devadasis.
  • Bharatanatyam has three distinct elements to it viz. nritti (rhythmic dance movement), natya (mime, or dance with a dramatic aspect) and nritya(combination of nritta and natya).
  • Bharatanatyam is considered to be a fire dance.
  • The music of Bharatanatyam dance is considered to be as fire dance.
  • The music of Bharatanatyam is of carnatic style.

Kathakali (Kerla):

  • Kathakali is a form of Indian dance. It originated in Kerla during the 17th century. This dance shares a lot of similarities to both Ramanattom and Krishnanattom.
  • Kathakali name is derived from the Malayalam words katha (meaning story) and kali (meaning play). It is considered to be combination of five elements of fine art viz. natyam (expressions), nritham (dance), nrithyam (enactment), geetha (song/vocal accompaniment) and vadyam (Instrument accompaniment).
  • In Kathakali dance the language of the songs used is a mix of Malayalam and Sanskrit called Manipravaalam.
  • It is dramatic rather than narrative in nature.
  • It is the most refined and scientific dance form of Kerla.
  • Kathakali dance combines music, poetry, mime and drama.
  • It takes Hindu mythological themes.

Kathak (North India):

  • Kathak is one of the classical dance forms originally from North India. It is a narrative dance from.
  • Kathak performers today generally draw their lineage from three major schools of Kathak viz. the Jaipur gharana, The Lucknow gharana and the Banaras gharana (born in the courts of the Kachwala Rajput kings, the Nawab of awadh, and Varanasi respectively).
  • The term Katha is derived from Katha (story teller).
  • It was originally a temple dance and became court dance under the muslim rulers.

Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh):

  • Kuchipudi is a classical dance of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Kuchipudi is the name of a small village in the Divi Taluq of Krishna district.
  • Kuchipudi dance is similar to Bharatanatyam.
  • Kuchipudi is essentially a solo dance.

Odissi (Odisha):

  • Odissi is considered to be the oldest form of classical dance.
  • Gita Govinda of Jayadeva dominates the poetical and musical content of Odissi dance style.

Sattriya (Assam):

  • Sattriya dance is not famous dance, this dance is known classical dance form of Assam.
  • Sattriya was emerged as medium of propagating Bhakti.

Mohiniattam (Kerla):

Mohiniattam dance is a traditional south Indian dance from Kerla.


Popular posts from this blog

How to identify Calculator is Programmable or Non-Programmable Calculator ?

Some competitive examinations allow the use of a calculator but may permit to use of only a calculator of the non-programmable type. Calculators that are NOT programmable: This is what a non-programmable calculator looks like. List of non-programmable calculators of some famous brands like  Casio , Sharp , Texas Instruments , Hawlett Packard . Calculators that are programmable: Programmable calculators can automatically carry out a sequence of operations under the control of a stored program, much like a computer. Examples of the programmable calculator are at the top picture. These calculators runs on a Computer Algebra System (CAS). A CAS helps to make certain difficult algebraic functions automatic and less tedious. As you can see, these calculators also have graphing capabilities. A calculator with graphing capabilities is most likely to be programmable. The easy way to tell if the calculator has graphing capabilities is by looking at the larger screen than would

Flood and Drought Affected Areas in India

In India, the regional and seasonal distribution of rainfall is uneven. On the one hand, Jaislamer receives less than 9 cm of annual rainfall and on the other hand, Mawsynram, near Cherapunji, receives more than 1140 cm of annual rainfall. Similarly, most of the rainfall in India is received in the months of June, July, August and September. Generally, variations in the amount of rainfall are found more in the regions where the rainfall is uneven and less and these regions are more affected by droughts. Droughts Drought is an abnormally long dry season, which creates a clear imbalance in the availability of water. both, the vagaries of monsoon and dominant factor, which cause drought and drought like conditions. The irrigation commission, on the basis of the amount of rainfall and its variability, has divided the drought affected areas into two types: Drought Areas: Drought areas have annual rainfall less than 50 cm and variability is more than 25%. Under these areas are in

The Advent of European Companies in India

In 1453, land routes were blocked by Ottoman Turks. So, new sea routes discovered by the Europeans to promote their business. Colombus of Spain discovered America where as in 1498, Vasco-da-Gama of Portugal discovered India. He came to India via Cape of Good Hope (Africa). First of all, Vasco-da-Gama reached to Calicut (Kerla or Kozhicode) where Zamorin ruler welcomed his arrival. The Portugese soon established political power along the west coast of India. he was succeeded by Captain General Alfonso de Albuquerque who conquered Goa in 1510. Sequence of Arrivals:- Company Year H.Q./Capital Potugese East Indian company (Formed by Vasco-da-Gama) 1498 Cochin (1510-30), Goa (1530-1961) Dutch East India Company 1602 East coast; Coromandal, Pulicut, Bengal English East India Company 1608 West coast: Surat, Bombay east coast: Coromandal, Masulipatanam, Madras. French East India Company (Formed by Colbert) 1664 Surat (1668-73), Pondi