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Showing posts from January, 2021

National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy

The National Urban Housing and Habitat Policy (2007) seeks to promote various types of public private partnerships for realising the goal of “Affordable Housing For All” with special emphasis on the urban poor. The salient features of the policy are as follows: Role of housing and provision of basic services to the urban poor has been integrated into the objectives of the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM). Special emphasis has been laid on Scheduled Castes/Tribes/Backward Classes/Minorities, Empowerment of Women within the ambit of the urban poor. The policy focuses on a symbiotic development of rural and urban areas in line with the objectives of the 74th Constitution Amendment Act. Emphasis has been laid on urban planning, increased supply of land, use of spatial incentives like additional Floor Area Ratio (FAR), Transferable Development Rights, etc., increased flow of funds, healthy environment, effective solid waste management and use of renewal sources of en

National Agriculture Policy

The first ever National Agriculture Policy was announced in 2000. The policy seeks to actualise the vast untapped growth potential of Indian agriculture, strengthen rural infrastructure to support faster agricultural development, promote value addition, accelerate the growth of agro business, create employment in rural areas, secure a fair standard of living for the farmers and agricultural workers and their families, discourage migration to urban areas and face the challenges arising out of economic liberalisation and globalisation. Over the next two decades, the policy aims to attain: A growth rate in excess of four per cent per annum in the agriculture sector. The policy seeks to promote technically sound, economically viable, environmentally nondegrading, and socially acceptable use of country’s natural resources – land, water and genetic endowment to promote sustainable development of agriculture. The use of bio-technologies will be promoted for evolving plants which consume less

Charter Act of 1853

This was the last of the series of Charter Acts passed by the British Parliament between 1793 and 1853. It was a significant constitutional landmark. The features of Charter Act of 1853 were as follows: It separated, for the first time, the legislative and executive functions of the Governor-General’s council. It provided for addition of six new members called legislative councillors to the council. In other words, it established a separate Governor-General’s legislative council which came to be known as the Indian (Central) Legislative Council. This legislative wing of the council functioned as a mini-Parliament, adopting the same procedures as the British Parliament. Thus, legislation, for the first time, was treated as a special function of the government, requiring special machinery and special process. It introduced an open competition system of selection and recruitment of civil servants. The covenanted civil service was, thus, thrown open to the Indians also. Accordingly, the Ma

Programs and Funds of United Nations

1. UN Children's Fund (UNICEF): UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations system in 1953, when its name was shortened to United Nations Children's Fund. However, UNICEF retained its original acronym. It is headquartered in New York (USA). It aims to provide a better quality of life to children and mothers in developing countries through improved health services, nutrition, sanitation, water availability and education. UNICEF brings annual report titled The State of the World's Children Report. UNICEF received the noble peace prize in 1965 "'for the promotion of botherhood among nations". UNICEF was established on 11 December 1946 by the united nations to meet the emergency needs of children in post-war Europe and China. Its full name was the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. in 1950, its mandate was broadened to address the long term needs of children and women in developing countries. 2. UN Development Programme (UNDP): UN