A National Policy on Child Labour was formulated in 1987. It contains the action plan for tackling the problem of child labour. It envisages:
- A legislative action plan for strict enforcement of Child Labour Act and other labour laws.
- Focusing and convergence of general development programmes for benefiting working children wherever possible.
- Project-based plan of action for launching of projects for the welfare of working children in areas of high concentration of child labour.
In pursuance of the above policy, the National Child Labour Project (NCLP) Scheme was started in 1988 to rehabilitate the working children. The Scheme seeks to adopt a sequential approach with a focus on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations and processes in the first instance. Under the Scheme, after a survey of child labour engaged in hazardous occupations and processes has been conducted, children are to be withdrawn from these occupations and processes and then put into special schools in order to enable them to be mainstreamed into formal schooling system.